E. Civil / Coercive

Civil contempt, more accurately known as coercive contempt, has the purpose of securing compliance with a court order. To be enforceable by coercive contempt the order must be clear and unambiguous.[36] Due process standards apply in indirect contempt proceedings to assure that the contemnor is offered adequate safeguards. Due process for civil or coercive contempt requires:

•   Full and complete notice of the conduct with which the contemnor is charged;[37]

•   Adequate notice of the court order alleged to have been violated;[38]

•   Ample time to prepare and respond to the allegation;[39]

•   Reasonable notice of the time and date of the contempt hearing;[40]

•   The right to appointed counsel if the alleged contemnor is indigent; [41]

•   The right to a jury trial if the potential punishment exceeds 6 months in jail;[42]

•   The right to be advised by the court of the right to a jury if punishment could exceed 6 months in jail; [43] and

•   The ability to comply with the court order.[44]