A. In Texas

In Texas, as compared to children of other races:

DFPS data from FY2017 shows African American children were much more likely than Anglo or Hispanic children to be reported as victims of child abuse or neglect and are removed from their families at almost twice the rate of the general population. African American children comprised 11.2% of the general child population of Texas but accounted for 23.2% of all children awaiting adoption. Even when other factors are considered, African American children spend more time in foster care, or other substitute care, are less likely to go home to their parents, and wait longer for adoption.

While African American and American Indian children are overrepresented in foster care, White children are proportionately represented, and Hispanic children are underrepresented. However, most Hispanic children wait longer than White children to be adopted.[44]